Prof. Dr. Stefan Niemann is a molecular biologist with a large experience in molecular characterization of M. tuberculosis complex (Mtbc) isolates. Actual research interests are focused on the development of rapid diagnostics e.g. using next generation sequencing, the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB), mechanisms of development and spread of resistance in clinical Mtbc isolates, the microevolution in clinical Mtbc isolates, the global population structure and evolution of the Mtbc, and on the pathobiology and host-pathogen interaction. Modern genotyping tools are used to investigate the epidemiology and evolution of TB in low and high incidence settings. His group has pioneered the use of next generation sequencing for genome analysis of MTBC isolates and established a microarray facility with new bioinformatics core unit. He has a long experience in collaborative research on national and international level.